The military has many cadences that are sung during marching, and When I was a younger girl around five or six years old, we sang a song in my Sunday School class called “I’m in the Lord’s Army.” Here are the beginning of the lyrics:
“I may never march in the infantry. Ride in the cavalry Shoot the artillery I may never shoot for the enemy. But I’m in the Lord’s army!”
We may have never been enlisted in the military in the natural, but we are an army–His army. Ezekiel saw a valley of dry, dead bones and HaShem asked him if that army could live. He said, “Oh, Lord Adonai only You know.” He then was told to prophesy over those dry, dead bones, and they became an army dressed and prepared. We need to know how to shoot and fire at the enemy—We need to put on the armor of Elohim. (Ephesians 6).
Those who are in the military have a uniform and rank. They know their titles (identity), where they are stationed, and how to use all the equipment given to them. We have entry-level up the command chain in the army–Private, Corporal, Sergeant, Sergeant first class, and Sergeant Major, to name a few.
“The locusts have no king, Yet go they forth all of them by bands” (Proverbs 30:27). Even the locusts have an order/rank. Does a Private arise in the military and say, “I cannot put my uniform on today and prepare because I am not a Corporal? No. Does a private look the other way and not salute a higher ranking official? No.
We are servants of Elohim. We are also in His “Army.” The word army is ḥa·yil, and it means strength. In Exodus 18, Moses chose able (ha.yil) men and made them heads over the people: rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens.
A man recently shared a dream he had where he heard the call for Reveille. What is Reveille?
“Reveille” is a bugle call, trumpet call, drum, fife-and-drum or pipes call most often associated with the military; it is chiefly used to wake military personnel at sunrise” (Wiki).
Reveille is said to start at 7 a.m., but it may be as early as 5 a.m.
Clocks generally work on a 24-hour system for telling time. Soldiers are to be dressed and ready when the trumpet sounds.
Are we unprepared for 13 o’clock?
George Orwell’s famous novel 1984 begins with,
“It was a bright cold day in April, and the clocks were striking thirteen.”
1984 seems to be creeping upon us, but I wanted to share a different story about clocks striking 13:
“There is an 18th-century London legend of a clock that struck thirteen times and saved a man’s life. The story goes that St Paul’s Cathedral clock on one occasion struck thirteen bongs of the bell at midnight, with the result of saving the life of a soldier accused of sleeping at his post. An obituary notice of a John Hatfield that appeared in the Public Advertiser a few days after his death states that a soldier in the time of William III and Mary II was tried by a court-martial on a charge of having fallen asleep when on duty upon the terrace at Windsor. It goes on to say that he categorically denied the charge against him. He swore as a proof of his having been awake at the time that he heard St Paul’s Cathedral clock strike thirteen, the truth of which was much doubted by the court because of the great distance. Affidavits were made by several persons verifying that the clock actually did strike thirteen instead of twelve, and the soldier was pardoned.” (Arthur’s Home Magazine. 42: 290. 1874)
1 Thessalonians 5:1-10 explains that the day of the Lord Adonai will come as a thief in the night.
“A thief in the night” is a Hebrew idiom. This is not about a thief we would see on television breaking into a home.
“An overseer was appointed over all the watches of guards. He was called: “The officer of the Temple Mount.”Throughout the night, he checked on all the watches. Torches were lit before him. If a guard did not stand before him and greet him: “Peace be unto you, officer of the Temple Mount,” he would assume that he was sleeping and would strike him with his staff. He was even granted permission to burn [a sleeping guard’s] clothing.
Thus, it was commonly said in Jerusalem: “What is the noise in the Temple Courtyard [at night]? It must be the voice of a Levite being beaten and his clothes burned because he slept on his watch.” (Chabad).
The Levites were stationed like soldiers at their post. The priests would guard the fire on the altar to keep it burning throughout the night to be ready for the morning sacrifice. The fire could not go out. Has ours?
The Book of Revelations gives us a picture of this: (Revelation 16:15) “Behold, I come as a thief. Blessed is he that watcheth, and keepeth his garments, lest he walk naked, and they see his shame.”
Saint (Apostle) Paul’s bell is sounding. The High Priest will come and make His rounds at a time when we may not be aware.
(Mark 13:35) “Watch ye therefore: for ye know not when the master of the house cometh, at even, or at midnight, or at the cockcrowing, or in the morning.”
“Awake, O sleeper, and arise from the dead, and Christ will shine on you.” We must keep our fires burning. We must be awake and ready with our oil lamps full of pressed pure oil, our garments washed and ironed so that when we hear the call of Reveille, we will not sleep through it.
Each nation’s military has its own lyrics and song to sing titled Reveille. Sadly, America seems to be the only one where everyone is lazy and refuses to get out of bed, even the elite. America’s reveille song sounds like the cry of the prophet Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and others:
“I can’t get ’em up,
I can’t get ’em up,
I can’t get ’em up this morning;
I can’t get ’em up,
I can’t get ’em up,
I can’t get ’em up at all!
The corporal’s worse than the privates,
The sergeant’s worse than the corporals,
Lieutenant’s worse than the sergeants,
And the captain’s worst of all!
I can’t get ’em up
I can’t get ’em up
I can’t get ’em up this morning;
I can’t get ’em up
I can’t get ’em up
I can’t get ’em up at all!
And tho’ the sun starts peeping,
And dawn has started creeping,
Those lazy bums keep sleeping,
They never hear my call!”
THEY NEVER HEAR THE CALL.
May we hit our knees during this time and be spared as the soldier who heard the 13th strike of the clock to inform the judge he was not sleeping on his watch. It is time for “Watchmen to arise.”
“But stay awake at all times, praying that you may have strength to escape all these things that are going to take place, and to stand before the Son of Man.”
(1 Thessalonians 5:6)
“So then let us not sleep, as others do, but let us keep awake and be sober.”
In this blog, we will meet a king who must flee his palace because his own son has planned a coup to overthrow his kingdom. David’s son Absalom has been quite successful in winning over the people with his charm. David and his men are not prepared with food and supplies to withstand such a battle. The King will have to go underground, and then he will have to operate using a secret informant to listen and give him the plans of his own son’s military tactics. The story seems remarkably close to our own situation in Washington.
In this blog, you will meet a man named Barzillai:
1. He can no longer discern what is good and what is not.
2. He can no longer taste.
3. He can no longer hear the voice of singing.
In 2nd Samuel 19, David learns that his son, Absalom, who tried to usurp the kingdom from him, is now dead. King David has already lost two sons. The son he had with Bathsheba and his son Amnon who raped Tamar, was killed by Absalom because David is not good at confronting situations concerning his seed. In chapter 19, word has come to the King concerning the death of Absalom. The King is weeping. Yes, David is crying out from the depths of his belly, “Oh, my son! My son, Absalom! How I wish I would have died instead of you. Oh, my son, Absalom!”
King David’s servants and all the people hide themselves in humiliation. But the king does not have time to weep or mourn; he, after all, is still the king. Joab comes to David bringing strong rebuke and correction.
“Today, you (David) have disgraced all your servants who have saved your life and the lives of your sons and daughters, of your wives, and of your concubines. You love those who hate you and hate those who love you! For you have made it clear today that the commanders and soldiers mean nothing to you. I know today that if Absalom were alive and all of us were dead, it would have pleased you!
Now, therefore, get up! Go out and speak comfort to your servants, for I swear by the LORD that if you do not go out, not a man will remain with you tonight. This will be worse for you than all the adversity that has befallen you from your youth until now!” (II Samuel 19:5-7).
Have you ever loved those who hated you and hated those who loved you? We can often blindly do just that.
David straightens his crown and dries his eyes and sits at the gate. All the people come out to congratulate the king. Those who had left him to follow Absalom had fled to their tents, but with Joab’s wise advice, the king prevents possible anarchy. The text says all the people throughout Israel were arguing over whether David should still be the king. Does that sound familiar?
“And all the people throughout the tribes of Israel were arguing, “The king rescued us from the hand of our enemies and delivered us from the hand of the Philistines, but now he has fled the land because of Absalom. But Absalom, the man we anointed over us, has died in battle. So why do you say nothing about restoring the king?” (II Sam. 19:9-10).
Sometimes, we must restore the king, and sometimes the one usurping the kingdom hangs himself. Those who were deceived by Absalom’s charm are now in limbo. Before Absalom’s death, he sent spies to all the tribes and told them as soon as they heard the shofar, then they were to say, “Absalom is King!” Regardless of who is placed in the White House as president, Yeshua is still our King. He is King of King’s. No man will get His glory.
David’s son, who tried to take the kingdom from him, ends up hanging from a tree by his thick hair (pride). Joab, David’s commander in chief, took three darts and thrust them through Absalom’s heart, killing him. Absalom was usurping something that was not his. Absalom’s name means “My Father is peace.” Adonai does bring peace after this horrific situation.
David, who has been in hiding from his seed, is going to cross back over the Jordan and take back what is rightfully his. He has been cursed and pelted with rocks. He has lost another son. He is a broken man who no doubt is replaying Nathan’s words from Adonai in his head. Weeping and repenting as he goes. Before David approaches the Jordan, something peculiar happens. A man who is 80 years old comes out to meet king David as he is getting ready to cross over from exile. His name was Barzillai. II Samuel 17 gives us a description of this man:
Barzillai: “A wealthy Gileadite noble of Rogelim (meaning fullers), who, together with two other prominent chieftains of the east-Jordanic territory, met David at Mahanaim, when he was fleeing with only a few followers from Absalom, and provided the king and his weary men with food” (2 Samuel 17:27).
He was a noble from Rogelim (meaning fullers). Fullers were men who treaded on clothing to cleanse the garments. Fuller’s soap is used to scrub the wool of sheep. Think righteous garments. Rogelim also means feet, and feet represent our walk. He meets David (Beloved) at Mahanaim.
Mahanaim is an interesting place.
“Right before Jacob names the region Mahanaim, he is met by angels of God that motivates him to say, מחנה אלהים וה (“This is God’s camp”), using the word מחנה (mananeh)”(Abarim publications).
It is interesting to note that a man with crippled feet is also mentioned right before Barzillai. This man was Mephibosheth, meaning “one who DESTROYS SHAME. When he was five years old, a report came that Saul and Jonathan had been killed in battle, and when the boy’s nurse heard the news, she picked him up and fled. But as she hurried away, the nurse dropped Mephibosheth, and he became crippled (II Samuel 4).
Oh, the misfortune of it all. We do not hear much more about this young man again until II Samuel. David decides to bless anyone left of Saul’s house, the greatest enemy he ever had. David approaches Mephibosheth, and Mephibosheth says, “What is your servant that you take an interest in a dead dog like me?” How ironic that the name “Mephibosheth” means destroyer of shame, yet his crippled-up legs had brought him just that, shame. When Mephibosheth walked into a room, he was noticed, not for his beauty or even his heritage as the grandson of a king and the son of a mighty warrior, Jonathan. No, that is not what people noticed; they noticed his hobbling bent up legs.
When David searched for Jonathan’s son, and brought him to the palace, and placed him at his table, the King’s table covered his twisted legs that would not work right. The king’s table hid all his infirmities. He was under the shade of that table, and he was fed delicacies. One day, Mephibosheth went from thinking he was a dead dog to eating at the king’s table. One day we shall, too, eat at His Table if we do not lose heart and faint.
Barzillai had the same opportunity to go with David and be fed by the king, but he does not. He is prepared to die and be buried with his parents. However, this very wealthy 80-year-old man wants to escort the King over the Jordan. Meditate on the number 80 and the crossing of the Jordan.
“The Hebrew number 80 is Pey and represents the mouth. The Hebrew number 8: “Shemoni [f.], shemonah [m.] Literally to “make fat.” New beginnings, not just complete (like seven), but satiated. Becoming “fat” is having more than enough. Full to overflowing. Moves from natural to supernatural. Transcends natural time and space to supernatural realm. Figuratively, eight takes one through a full cycle of seven, and begins anew – the One Day – Yom Echad – of creation.” (Grace in Torah)
Moses is 80 years old when he is sent to lead the Children of Israel to cross over the Reed Sea. Barzillai is 80 years old when he comes to escort David over the Jordan.
In our story from II Samuel, David tells Barzillai that he will provide for him and give him a place in Jerusalem if he crosses over with him. His name means man of iron. Barzillai teaches us how to die, and there is quite a contranym in his message and age. Remember, the Jordon is the place Yeshua was immersed in by John. It means to descend downward, and after we descend into the waters of the Jordan, we are cleansed just like Naaman from his leprosy. Naaman had to dip seven times, the number of completions. But Barzillai is 80 years old, and he tells David something I have been meditating on all week.
“But Barzillai replied, “How many years of my life remain, that I should go up to Jerusalem with the king? I am now eighty years old. Can I discern what is good and what is not? Can your servant taste what he eats or drinks? Can I still hear the voice of singing men and women? Why should your servant be an added burden to my lord the king?
Your servant could go with the king only a short distance past the Jordan; why should the king repay me with such a reward? Please let your servant return, that I may die in my own city near the tomb of my father and mother. But here is your servant Chimham. Let him cross over with my lord the king, and do for him what is good in your sight.” (II Samuel 19:34-37).
He can no longer discern what is good and what is not.
He can no longer taste.
He can no longer hear the voice of singing.
Barzillai sends his servant—his son ChimHam instead. Chimham means to thirst, pinning, and having a great desire. “The verb כמה (kama) means to thirst but specifically expresses a desire for liquidity in the exchange of knowledge and wisdom (rather than the light of wisdom itself, or the eventual productivity that results from having wisdom). This verb also resembles the particle of comparison כמו (kemo), “as if” or “like.” (Abarim Publications). Chimham is mention in Jeremiah. It is the name of a town near Bethlehem, from which it would seem that David gave Barzillai’s son some land that was passed on to his descendants in his name. Barzillai sends his son over to Jerusalem, the one whose name means desire and thirst, a pinning to be in the Land. The man of iron cannot go. The man who can no longer discern what is good and what is not. The man who can no longer taste and see. The man who can no longer hear the voice of singing will remain on the other side of the Jordan. Jerusalem means rain of peace and a foundation of peace. Oh, how we need this today!
I pray this has blessed you. May we continue to keep our eyes on the King of Kings and the Lord of All.
“The Don considered a use of threats the most foolish kind of exposure; the unleashing of anger without forethought as the most dangerous indulgence.”
― Mario Puzo, The Godfather
First Kings Chapter two plays out like an assassin movie with a leading hitman. Part of David’s last words involve an interesting story where Joseph and his forgiveness towards his brothers spared a man from death while David was King—well, for a season, but now the season is ending. First, let’s look at all the players in this twisting turning Corleone saga.
David instructs Solomon to guard the commandments and to walk holy before Adonai. He goes on to give Solomon a list of men he needs to take care of. Like a conversation between Marlon Brando and Al Pacino in the Godfather, the players are laid out. David starts with his nephew, Joab.
Joab became a leader in David’s army. He murders general Abner after the latter killed his brother Asahel. He takes care of Bathsheba’s husband, Uriah. Later, he finishes off David’s son Absalom while he hangs from a tree by his thick locks.
Although Joab does not follow in Absalom’s revolt to usurp his father’s kingdom, he later sides with Adonijah, who is trying to usurp the throne. After the death of Absalom and the defeat of his army, David decides to make Amasa general-in-chief of his forces, but Joab murders Amasa, and through bloodshed, takes his place. For this betrayal, Joab was killed in a most peculiar setting.
Joab fled and took hold of the horns of the altar. He watched Solomon’s half-brother do this and spare his life—well, for a little while.
“And Adonijah was afraid of Solomon, and he arose, went and took hold of the horns of the altar. Now it was told Solomon, saying, “Behold, Adonijah is afraid of King Solomon, for behold, he has taken hold of the horns of the altar, saying, ‘Let King Solomon swear to me today that he will not put his servant to death with the sword.'” Solomon said, “If he is a worthy man, not one of his hairs will fall to the ground; but if wickedness is found in him, he will die.” (I Kings 1:50-52).
We are to run to the altar to die, not try and live. Do you see this backward conundrum? Sacrificial lambs get on altars and die. Abraham ties up his only son to place him on the altar. Yeshua was the Lamb of Yah that was slain. Joab runs to the altar and grabs hold of it because he thinks no one will shed his blood in such a holy place. He thinks if he grabs the bull by the horns, he may be spared. Like Eli’s sons who grabbed the Ark of the Covenant and brought it to fight the philistines, calling on Adonai to save them, they ended up dead—they were already spiritually dead. The Ark would not save them or their father, who fell backward and cracked his neck. The text says he was old and fat. Fat and fleshly men, lazy and full of pride, their necks so thick they won’t bend, so the Father has to crack it in half! Heartbreaking. Eli had more honor for his sons, who wore the priestly robes while sleeping with prostitutes and taking the best choice meat of Adonai for themselves than he did, HaShem.
Fat with flesh.
“Then the one who brought the news replied, “Israel has fled before the Philistines, and there has also been a great slaughter among the people, and your two sons also, Hophni and Phinehas, are dead, and the ark of God has been taken.” When he mentioned the ark of God, Eli fell off the seat backward beside the gate, and his neck was broken and he died, for he was old and heavy. Thus he judged Israel forty years.” (I Sam. 4:17-18).
The Father doesn’t forget. One of Eli’s sons had a wife giving birth at that very moment. She names her son a name that means the glory has departed. David’s son Solomon will take care of this priestly line before this story is through, but right now, Benaiah is making sure it is okay to slay a man by the altar of the Great Elohim.
Solomon tells Benaiah to fall upon him with the sword and bury him, that he may remove the innocent bloodshed from him and his father’s house. Benaiah takes care of business, and King Solomon appoints him over the whole army in Joab’s place. Then the king appoints Zadok, the priest, in the position of Abiathar. The Father will clean His House. Those who shed innocent blood with their hands or their mouths will be held accountable. We must have a holy fear of YHVH.
Like the Corleone family, these players are all related. Amasa is the son of one of David’s sisters. Joab is David’s nephew. Adonijah is the 4th son of David. Absalom was his third son. Aww, the family—sadly, they can hurt us at times more than most.
When David grows old and cold, he cannot keep warm, so pretty Abishag of Shunem is brought to lay in bed with him. After David’s death, Adonijah tries to steal the throne. He arranges a multitude of chariots and fifty-foot soldiers to run before him. The devious general Joab is on board with this, and so is Abiathar, the priest. They arrange a sacrificial ceremony by the Stone of Zoheleth.
What does Zoheleth mean? ” Serpent–stone of Zoheleth” Gliding or Serpent Stone).” This reminds me of leviathan, the twisting serpent bent on destruction, pride, twisting the truth, and usurping authority. To purchase my latest release on this spirit, click HERE.
David learns from his wife about Adonijah’s doings and plans to take the kingdom. David calls for the chosen son, Solomon, the priest, Zadok, and Nathan, the prophet. He also calls for his assassin, Benaiah. Who is this hitman?
Benaiah Pirathonite is named among the thirty mighty men of David (2 Samuel 23:30). According to Abarim Publications, Pirathonite means height, just revenge, and the Place Of The Little Pharaohs.
The etymology of the name Pirathon
The name Pirathon (פרעתון) appears to be constructed from the Hebrew version of the title Pharaoh (פרעה), which in Egyptian means Great House (and which referred to the palace and indirectly to the Egyptian state, rather than its single leader) but in Hebrew, it means something like Confederacy, that is a voluntary union of independent families, tribes or cities:
This reminds me of Joseph, the 2nd in command, the little Pharaoh.
Benaiah is the son of Jehoiada of Kabzeel (Those who the Father gathers together). He starts out in a humble position in David’s army but rises in rank quickly. We learn about his abilities in II Samuel.
“Then Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the son of a valiant man of Kabzeel, who had done mighty deeds, killed the two sons of Ariel of Moab (this text is corrupt, see note at end. This could be in regard to slaying beastly men who clung to the altar.)He also went down and killed a lion in the middle of a pit on a snowy day. He killed an Egyptian, an impressive man. Now the Egyptian had a spear in his hand, but he went down to him with a club and snatched the spear from the Egyptian’s hand and killed him with his own spear.” (II Sam. 21:20-21).
Adonijah seeks to usurp the throne, Benaiah takes him out. Joab seeks to usurp, Benaiah takes him out.
Solomon listens to his father on his death bed.
“But up until that time, I want you just to follow my lead, and don’t worry. There are negotiations going on that will solve problems that you think are not solvable. So just be a little patient.” Tessio”
― Mario Puzo, The Godfather
Negotiations. David has spoken to his son about those who wish harm, those who are not trustworthy. Solomon, right out of the gate, marching to the throne, has a bloody mess to tend to and even has to rebuke his own mother and then again call for his hitman, Benaiah.
“I am making one small request of you; do not refuse me.” And the king said to her, “Ask, my mother, for I will not refuse you.” So, she said, “Let Abishag the Shunammite be given to Adonijah, your brother as a wife.” King Solomon answered and said to his mother, “And why are you asking Abishag the Shunammite for Adonijah? Ask for him also the kingdom—for he is my older brother—even for him, for Abiathar, the priest, and for Joab, the son of Zeruiah!” Then King Solomon swore by the LORD, saying, “May God do so to me and more also if Adonijah has not spoken this word against his own life. “Now, therefore, as the LORD lives, who has established me and set me on the throne of David, my father and who has made me a house as He promised, surely Adonijah shall be put to death today.” So King Solomon sent Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and he fell upon him so that he died.”
The Father never forgets. He sees what men do and say when they think no one is looking or listening. “Do not be deceived; God is not mocked; for whatever a man sows, this he will also reap.” (Galatians 6:7).
(Job 4:8) “As I have observed, those who plow iniquity, and those who sow trouble, reap the same.”
Abiathar, the priest, is sent to Anathoth. Solomon informs him that he deserves to meet Benaiah and die. Still, because he carried the Ark of the Lord before his father David, and because he was afflicted in everything his father was afflicted, Solomon dismisses Abiathar from being priest. What a sad awakening for this man who wore the garments of beauty and was to uphold the Torah. The Father was keeping His Word; He was cutting off the house of Eli and his wicked sons. When there is sin in the place where holiness is supposed to dwell, the Father cuts it off.
Benaiah has a bloody job. But in order to have order and righteousness, sometimes we have to remove those who hinder the work and Kingdom of the Father.
Now, we get to a man named Shimei, who spoke of Joseph’s heart in order to spare his neck from death. Solomon tells him to build a house in Jerusalem and not go out from there to any place.
“For on the day you go out and cross over the brook Kidron, you will know for certain that you shall surely die; your blood shall be on your own head.” Shimei then said to the king, “The word is good. As my lord, the king has said, so your servant will do.” So Shimei lived in Jerusalem many days.”
Why did David spare this man who spoke evil curses over him? In Rabbinical literature, we learn this:
“When Shimei cursed David (II Sam. xvi. 5 et seq.), he used the most insulting names, taunting him, moreover, with his Moabite descent and with his adultery with Bath-sheba (Shab. 105a). He later besought David’s forgiveness, however (II Sam. xix. 17-21), and addressed him as follows: “The brothers of Joseph did him injury, but Joseph returned good for evil. Be thou as Joseph, and recompense me with good, though I dealt evilly with thee. It was not I alone but all Israel that entreated thee ill. They now await my fate, and if thou forgivest me, they will come and make peace with thee and surrender themselves to thee” (Yalḳ. ii. 151). Jewish Encyclopedia.
David’s oath now is relented at death. He tells Solomon, “Behold, there is with you Shimei the son of Gera the Benjamite, of Bahurim; now it was he who cursed me with a violent curse on the day I went to Mahanaim. But when he came down to me at the Jordan, I swore to him by the LORD, saying, ‘I will not put you to death with the sword.’ “Now, therefore, do not let him go unpunished, for you are a wise man; and you will know what you ought to do to him, and you will bring his gray hair down to Sheol with blood.” (I Kings 2:8-9).
Shimei is going to break his promise after three years. Two of his servants ran away to the King of Gath. Shimei the Benjamite saddled his donkey and retrieved his servants, but news spread to Solomon. People are always watching. Solomon confronts evil. He is draining the swamp.
“Why then have you not kept the oath of the LORD and the command which I have laid on you?” The king also said to Shimei, “You know all the evil which you acknowledge in your heart, which you did to my father David; therefore the LORD shall return your evil on your own head. “But King Solomon shall be blessed, and the throne of David shall be established before the LORD forever.” So the king commanded Benaiah, the son of Jehoiada, and he went out and fell upon him so that he died.
Thus the kingdom was established in the hands of Solomon.” (I Kings 2:43-46).
Two sons of Ariel:
This occurs also in II Sam. xxiii. 20, R. V., and in I Chron. xi. 22, R. V. The text is corrupt. LXX. in Samuel has “two sons of Ariel”; Targ. “two mighty men.” Proposed emendations are: “two lions (or, lion whelps)” or “two sons of Uriel.” The reference may be to persons or to beasts. Form and meaning are uncertain. Suggested interpretations are: “lion of God,” or, by change of vowel, “light of God,” or “God is my light.” 2.Poetic name for Jerusalem (Isa. xxix. 1, 2, 7), variously explained (Targ. “altar”). The illustration in verse 2 (“Ariel . . . shall be unto me as Ariel,” the city shall reek with blood, like an altar) suggests that the second “Ariel” equals “altar” or “altar hearth”; so probably in Ezek. xliii. 15, 16, and in the inscription of Mesha, line 12. For a proposed sense, “cresset” or “candelabrum,” see note on Ezek. xl. 49 in “Sacred Books of the O. T.” (ed. Haupt). The etymology of the word is uncertain, possibly , “hearth,” with ל formative. The name of the city will then be an imitation of the name “Jerusalem” (perhaps properly Urushalem, “city of Shalem”), “city of God” (Uriel or Uruel). It is otherwise interpreted as “altar-hearth of God”; that is, the place devoted to the worship of God.” Jewish encyclopedia.